Revolution \re-və-ˈlü-shən\- (1) a sudden, radical, or complete change (2) a fundamental change in the way of thinking about or visualizing something : a change of paradigm (3) a changeover in use or preference especially in technology (4) activity or movement designed to effect fundamental changes in the socioeconomic situation
In a nutshell, Nanotechnology is the art and science of manipulating and rearranging individual atoms and molecules to create useful materials, devices, and systems. Nanotechnology provides the means by which systems and materials can be built with exacting specifications and characteristics. At the most basic social level, nanotechnology is going to be responsible for massive changes in the way we live, the way we interact with one another and our environment, and the things we are capable of doing. A scientific and technical revolution has begun that is based upon the ability to systematically organize and manipulate matter on the nanometer length scale. Significant improvements in performance and changes of manufacturing paradigms will lead to several industrial revolutions in the 21st century. Nanotechnology will change the nature of almost every human-made object. To grasp the quantum leap that Nanotechnology provides simply remember where cell phones were 20 years ago. Or only 66 years of innovation separated Wright Brothers flight and Apollo 11. Or the fact that there is more computing power in your cell phone today than all the computers at NASA when they launched Apollo missions.
History of Paint Protection Technology
Purpose of Automotive Paint Protection Systems
1) Protection of paint systems – The primary purpose of all waxes, sealants, and coatings are to add protection to paint systems from environmental contaminants, UV rays, chemicals, salt, etc. Without protection paint systems dull and deteriorate rapidly.
2) Beauty and Appearance – Paint protection technologies increase gloss and Distinction of Image, DOI. DOI is measured to characterize the visual appearance of polished high-gloss surfaces such as automotive car finishes beyond the capabilities of gloss.
Historic Timeline of Automotive Paint Protection Systems
1800 – World’s first wax was developed out of animal fats in a German town called Bischofsheim to protect the lacquer like paint that was applied to horse carriages. Carnauba wax was also developed as a protection for wood, leather, and early paint systems.
1886 – The first “production” vehicle was invented by Karl Benz.
1888 – Menzerna, a top selling company today, started developing a range of solid, liquid and paste polishing compounds.
1908 – The first production Model T Ford is completed at the company’s Piquette Avenue plant in Detroit. Between 1908 and 1927, Ford would build some 15 million Model T cars. The original Model A was only produced in, today’s terminology, matte black. For an additional fee the paint would be “polished” producing a shiny finish.
1910 – George Simons developed a cleaner and a carnauba wax product for car finishes.
1944 – PlastoneTM auto polish is the first bottled car wax. This liquid auto polish was invented by Ben Hirsch. It was renamed Turtle Wax® for its hard shell finish.
1969 – The polymer sealant introduced by DuPont is the world’s first commercially available product of its kind.
2007 – Nanotechnology based sealants/coatings were invented.
History of Automotive Paint Systems
Purpose of Automotive Paint Systems
1) Protection of underlying surfaces – The primary purpose of all paint systems is protection from environmental contaminants, UV rays, chemicals, salt, etc. Without protection the vehicle would literally deteriorate, rust, and fall apart.
2) Beauty and Appearance – The original Model A was only produced in black. Very soon people wanted to “customize” their vehicles and add their own touch. Automobile manufactures and paint companies aligned to create Single Stage paint systems.
Historic Timeline of Automotive Paint Systems
1910’s – Shellac applied in multiple coats with a brush. This paint system was very labor intensive and very susceptible to damage.
1920’s – Nitrocellulose lacquer resins were introduced. These paint systems were more durable and soon were produced in multiple colors. This was also the introduction of spray equipment to apply paint. These paint systems could be polished to achieve a shine and luster.
1930’s -Alkyd enamels were introduced. These paint systems dried to a gloss without needing to buff the finish. This was also when reflectents were introduced to add a bit of sparkle to high dollar vehicles.
1950’s – Acrylic Lacquer were introduced with a more durable resin.
1960’s & 70’s- Polyurethane and Acrylic enamels were introduced. These paint systems were glossy, flexible, and durable.
1980’s – This was the introduction of Basecoat/Clearcoat systems. These paint systems consist of a primer layer, pigmented color, and finally a clear glossy layer. These paint systems achieve a level of gloss and durability that was revolutionary at the time. These paint systems also allowed for additives of many color combinations and reflectents. These are the paint systems that are currently used in the automotive industry.